Battle of Malaya, 1941

Background The Japanese Invasion of Malaya began just after midnight on 8 December 1941 (local time) before the attack on Pearl Harbor. It was the first major battle of the Pacific War, and was fought between ground forces of the British Indian Army and the Empire of Japan. Kota Bharu, capital of Kelantan State on Malaysia’s northeast coast, was, in 1941, the Royal Air Force’s (RAF) and Royal Read More…

Counter Attack at Calais (May 1940)

Background The Siege of Calais (1940) was a battle for the port and town of Calais during the Battle of France in 1940. The siege was fought at the same time as the Battle of Boulogne, just before Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) through Dunkirk. After the Franco-British counter-attack at the Battle of Arras (21 May) German units were held ready to resist Read More…

Sea Lion: The Battle before Ashford (September 1940)

Background Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (German: Unternehmen Seelöwe) was Nazi Germany’s code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War. Following the Fall of France, Adolf Hitler, hoped the British government would seek a peace agreement and he Read More…

Sea Lion: S Day at Hythe Beach (September 1940)

Background Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (German: Unternehmen Seelöwe) was Nazi Germany’s code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War. Following the Fall of France, Adolf Hitler, hoped the British government would seek a peace agreement and he Read More…

Sea Lion, The Landings at Hawkinge (September 1940)

Background Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (German: Unternehmen Seelöwe) was Nazi Germany’s code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War. Following the Fall of France, Adolf Hitler, hoped the British government would seek a peace agreement and he Read More…

Operation Hercules, Third Battle, (Mid 1942)

Background Operation Herkules was the German code-name given to a planned but never-executed Italo-German invasion of Malta during World War II (the Italian code-name was Operazione C3). Through combined air and sea landings, the Axis powers hoped to eliminate Malta as a British air and naval base and secure an uninterrupted flow of supplies across Read More…

Operation Herkules, Second Battle, (mid 1942).

Background The Axis plan to invade Malta had its origin in Italian military studies conducted in the mid-1930s during Italy’s conquest of Ethiopia. By 1938, the Italian army command had estimated the amount of sea transport it would require to move significant military forces into North Africa and identified the seizure of Malta as a Read More…

Battle for Longstop Hill, (Dec 1942)

Background The Run for Tunis was part of the Tunisia Campaign which took place during November and December 1942 during the Second World War. Once French opposition to the Allied Operation Torch landings had ceased in mid-November, the Allies made a rapid advance by a division-sized force east from Algeria, to capture Tunis and forestall Read More…

Battle of Warburg (1760)

Background At the end of June 1760, the French Grande Armée, under the command of the Duc de Broglie, proceeded to the invasion of Hesse, seizing Marburg. On July 10, at the Combat of Corbach, the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick failed to prevent the junction of the Army of the Lower Rhine, under Saint-Germain, with Read More…

Battle for the Bridge at Son (Sept 1944)

Background The future of Panzer-Brigade 107 was more promising than of any other Panzer-Brigade assigned to the Western Front. It was raised around the remnants from Panzer-Grenadier-Division 25. Although the brigade only received 33 Panther tanks and 12 StuG IV assault guns the unit got 9 to 12 weeks for training and organization! The urgency Read More…