Race to the Koenigsburg, January 1945.

Background The Battle of Königsberg, also known as the Königsberg Offensive, was one of the last operations of the East Prussian Offensive during World War II. In four days of violent urban warfare, Soviet forces of the 1st Baltic Front and the 3rd Belorussian Front captured the city of Königsberg – now Kaliningrad, Russia. The siege started in late January 1945 when the Soviets initially surrounded the city. There Read More…

Battle of Malaya, 1941

Background The Japanese Invasion of Malaya began just after midnight on 8 December 1941 (local time) before the attack on Pearl Harbor. It was the first major battle of the Pacific War, and was fought between ground forces of the British Indian Army and the Empire of Japan. Kota Bharu, capital of Kelantan State on Malaysia’s northeast coast, was, in 1941, the Royal Air Force’s (RAF) and Royal Read More…

Battle of Pfaffenhofen , 1745

Background In October 1744, the Franco-Bavarian army had succeeded, in coordination with Prussia, to expel the Austrians from Bavaria, and to reinstate Charles VII, Prince-elector of Bavaria and Holy Roman Emperor, in his capital Munich. Here he died 3 months later. His 18-year-old son and heir Maximilian III Joseph wavered between the Peace-party, led by his mother Maria Amalia of Austria and Army Commander Friedrich Read More…

Battle of Abelsbach, 1762

Austrian center positions, looking toward Prussian right.   Background At the opening of the Prussian campaign in Silesia at the beginning of July, the Austrian General Brentano could count only on part of his corps. Indeed, 2 battalions of Loudon grenadiers, 1 grenzers battalion and Nádasdy Hussars had been sent to Burkersdorf (present-day Burkatów). On July 3 at 11:00 Read More…