Battle of Spie, 1761

Background After escaping from the encircled fortress of Colberg (actual Kołobrzeg) at the beginning of November 1761, prince Eugen von Württemberg made a junction at Greiffenberg (actual Gryfice) with a corps under lieutenant-general Platen on November 16. At the end of November, the prince of Württemberg resolved to make a last attempt to force the Read More…

Operation Citadel: The Battle for Zadelnoe, July 1943

Background The Battle of Kursk was a Second World War engagement between German and Soviet forces on the Eastern Front near Kursk (450 kilometres or 280 miles south-west of Moscow) in the Soviet Union during July and August 1943. The German offensive was code-named Operation Citadel (German: Unternehmen Zitadelle) and led to one of the Read More…

Sea Lion: The Battle before Ashford (September 1940)

Background Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (German: Unternehmen Seelöwe) was Nazi Germany’s code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War. Following the Fall of France, Adolf Hitler, hoped the British government would seek a peace agreement and he Read More…